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Seagoing Bulk Carrier A General Purpose and Usage

Numerous hazards existed during the operation of seagoing bulk carriers. It is important to be careful and cautious in all shipboard matters. This site offers quick and easy details to the international shipping community on the best way to load and discharge bulk cargo. However, it must not exceed the limitations stipulated by the classification society. It's vital to reduce the likelihood of over-stressing the ship's structure , and complying with all essential safety measures for a safe passage at sea. The detail pages on our website cover various bulk carrier related topics which could be beneficial to the crew onboard as well as those working at ashore in the terminal.

General characteristics of a seagoing bulk carrier
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels designed with top-side tanks and side tanks for hoppers in cargo spaces . They are designed principally to transport one-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo is any material, other than gas or liquid composed of particles, granules or any other large piece of material, generally homogenous in composition. It is directly loaded into the cargo spaces of a ship with no immediate confinement. Sugar, grains and bulk ores are examples of such dry cargo. Bulk carrier, in its broadest sense, refers to all ships specifically designed for carrying bulk cargo, like liquid cargo or solid cargo. Tankers would also be included. In normal usage, however the term is typically used to refer to vessels that transport bulk loads of solid goods, including grains and other agricultural commodities in addition to mineral products such coal ore, stone or coal for a few or one voyage legs. Peruse this panamax bulk carrier url for more.

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What Is Bulk Carrier?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Capacity to carry ranging from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000.
The average speed is 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers with medium to small size bulk (carrying capacities between 40 and 60,000 tonnes) generally have cargo handling gear. However, larger vessels can use facilities on shore to load or unload.
Large cargo holds do not have obstructions, and are bigger hatch sizes for ease of loading and unloading.
The bulk carriers typically have one ballast hold. It can be used to increase stability during ballast voyages. Some additional holds could be permitted for partial ballasting but only when in port.
They come with single pull, stacking or hydraulic type steel hatch covers.
-Quatre types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side of wing tank
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks

Bulk solid cargo? Any material other than liquid or gas, consisting of a combination of granules, particles or any larger pieces of materials, generally homogenous in composition and loaded straight into the cargo spaces without any intermediate form of containment. Cargoes carried by bulk carriers include "clean" foodstuffs and "dirty" minerals. They can react to each other as well as with water sources that are contaminant, such as. Thus, it is vital to clean the cargo areas for the particular product. Cleanliness must be appropriate for the cargo to be loaded and generally, it is necessary for a surveyor to pass the space as suitable to load. To ensure that contamination does not occur it is essential that any leftovers left by a previous cargo be eliminated. The bulk cargo is more susceptible to being damaged by water. This implies that the hold need to be dry for the cargo to be accepted. In addition hatch covers need to be waterproof and sealed when necessary to prevent water intrusion. All fittings in the holds (pipe guards, the bilge covers, etc.) must be checked. In order to ensure that they're in good condition and properly installed and properly fitted, all fittings within the hold (ladders, pipe guards and bilge covers.) should be inspected. The equipment could cause severe damages and delay to conveyor belts. Unintentionally discharged cargo will result in the ship being found to be responsible. Click over to this dry bulk shipping info for more.

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Bulk Carrier Bulk Carrier Bulker This vessel is intended to carry dry cargo. Traditional bulk carriers are equipped with only a single deck that has a single skin, double-bottom, topside tanks and hopper sides. Bulk carriers are able to load any type or bulk cargo from light to heavy grain, up to their maximum deadweight. It can be challenging to move, load and unload dry bulk cargo.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Certain bulk cargoes can be dangerous and can be altered in transit. Unintentional loading can cause damage to the vessel, e.g. A wrong loading can result in the ship breaking when you load a hold forward at its highest. This is called "stress?" This can have severe consequences for life at sea in adverse weather conditions. Other cargoes may also be affected by residues from previous cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could have water damage. cement power. It is challenging to confirm the amount of cement used and the weight of cargoes unloaded and loaded. These elements can have severe implications on the way bulk cargoes are safely transported. Discharging bulk cargo using? Bulk cargoes are prone to create a cone when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle created by this cone is known as the'angle of repose'. It varies depending on the cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes can form a cone that is steeply angled. However, cargoes which flow freely may create a cone with a shallow angle. Cargoes that have low angles of repose tend to move more in transit. Certain cargoes may require bulldozers to help distribute the load across the storage areas. Dry bulk carriers typically have to use facilities at shore for cargo loading and discharging. But, some bulk carriers have self-unloading options including conveyors under the cargo hold or cranes on deck.

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